How do state and local cannabis marijuana taxes work?

I recommend business owners familiarize themselves with all the resources available on We’ve also posted frequently asked questions on to answer questions commonly asked by those in the cannabis/marijuana industry. The top five multistate operators nationwide paid a combined $2 billion in taxes between 2020 and 2023. But under the coming tax changes, they would probably only have to pay one-tenth of that, about medical marijuana accounting $280 million, according to a study from FTI Consulting, a management consulting firm. But the biggest impact of rescheduling, by far, is taxes, said Kobie Evans, co-owner of Pure Oasis, which became the first business in the state’s social equity program to open in 2020 and will soon have three stores in Boston. A measure of prices paid for goods and services excluding food and energy; the Federal Reserve’s preferred measure of inflation.

Step 1: Apply for a license with the Office of Cannabis Management

  • States taxing different parts of the marijuana plant at different rates offsets some of this issue but does not manage to capture the externality down the value chain.
  • In 2013, with solely medical cannabis legalized in a few states, the IRS determined that the average per hour recovery for IRS work in mainstream businesses was $493.
  • The records for the first five states to legalize recreational cannabis — Colorado (2012), Washington (2012), Alaska (2015), Oregon (2015), and California (2016) — illustrate how much states have generated from marijuana taxes.
  • The IRS indicates on their new webpage that federal courts have consistently upheld the IRS’ determination that income derived from both state compliant, as well non-compliant, or illegal marijuana sales are subject to US federal income tax.
  • Please note that the general information provided is not intended to replace any law or regulation.

Before you begin distributing or selling adult-use cannabis products, you must register with the Tax Department and receive your Adult-Use Cannabis Certificate of Registration. If you’re not a licensed distributor or retailer, you must first apply for an adult-use cannabis license with the New York State Office of Cannabis Management. These laws serve important functions in combating the black market and illegal drug trafficking, but their applicability to state-legal marijuana industries is frustratingly unclear. FinCEN has suggested it won’t enforce regulations against compliant financial institutions. This course is designed to empower you with the knowledge and skills needed to confidently tackle tax-related challenges within the evolving cannabis industry.

Renewing your Adult-Use Cannabis Certificate of Registration

Cannabis Tax Revenue Update: February 2024 [EconTax Blog] – Legislative Analyst’s Office

Cannabis Tax Revenue Update: February 2024 [EconTax Blog].

Posted: Tue, 27 Feb 2024 08:00:00 GMT [source]

There are legitimate reasons for levying excise taxes on marijuana, but legislatures and voters in other states should proceed with caution. Due to their narrow base, excise taxes are not a sustainable source of revenue for general spending priorities. With most states experiencing reduced taxA tax is a mandatory payment or charge collected by local, state, and national governments from individuals or businesses to cover the costs of general government services, goods, and activities.

  • At the federal level, it appears the general sentiment is that until there is a legislative change or cannabis is not a Schedule I or II controlled substance, the tax impacts of 280E will continue to be felt by the cannabis industry.
  • To successfully legalize recreational marijuana, lawmakers must develop regulatory frameworks and tax structures that can compete with the illegal market.
  • Through this extended outreach, we hope to help small business owners and others fully understand the unique tax rules before there are any compliance issues.
  • It’s crucial for businesses operating within the cannabis sector to understand two significant Internal Revenue Code sections that specifically govern what deductions are allowable from a federal income tax perspective.
  • Further, it states that cannabis operations are subject to the same penalties as any other business during an income tax examination by the IRS.

Forecasting Challenges and Tax Revenue Allocation

In the end, the likely decline in prices over time may hurt Oregon’s ability to continue to grow excise revenue with an ad valorem tax. Baker Tilly takes pride in being a business leader working with those in the cannabis industry to handle all of their accounting, tax and business consulting needs. Our Cannabis industry Value Architects™ have unrivaled experience and dedication to working with cannabis clients and understand the uniqueness of the industry and the depths of the concerns without federal protections. Please reach out to ask questions and develop insightful strategies for the short-term and long-term needs of your business.

The Biden Administration’s Latest Move Makes This Cannabis Stock a Buy

Using weight or potency as a base makes for a more neutral tax while providing a more stable revenue stream for governments. One of the reasons that specific taxes can be advantageous is that they generally are more stable because they are not affected by changes in consumer brand preference or retail prices. In regard to marijuana taxes, specific taxes would not be exposed to potential declining prices as they remain fixed regardless of price developments. They may even offset price declines as specific taxes can act as a tool to establish a minimum retail selling price.

Former Vice President for Economic Policy

State Tax Revenue from Adult-Use Cannabis (Connecticut)

Cannabis Taxation

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